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Links to Diarrhoea, Diarrhea, Dehydration, Oral Rehydration and good health
www.doctoori.net brings to you, high quality, reliable health information in the Arabic language, through our syndicated partnership with NHS Choices. Our engaging, patient focused articles and interactive tools provide an invaluable, trusted health resource for you and your family.
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Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that develops accessible materials in many languages. Access free information in Hesperian's HealthWiki related to preventing and treating diarrheal diseases.
Belly Pain, Diarrhea, and Worms: Available in English, Portuguese, and French
Health Problems from Unsafe Water: Available in English and Spanish
Protecting Community Water: Available in English and Spanish
Building Toilets: Available in English and Spanish
More resources from Hesperian Health Guides
NEW - Where There is No Doctor: Belly Pain, Diarrhea, and Worms
Content from the Advance Chapters of the
NEW Where There Is No Doctor Everyone gets pain in the belly, nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea at one time or another. Most belly problems make you feel bad but are not dangerous. If pain or nausea is not severe, wait a few days and see if it gets better. It usually will.
Belly problems can be caused by many things. For example, someone may have a belly ache because of a cold or flu, because she ate bad food, or because she is worried about her children. Every cause requires a different kind of help. (Giving tablets for pain will do nothing to cure any of these causes!) But the cause of diarrhea, belly pain, or nausea may not be clear. As with all health problems, understanding the cause of the problem is the key to treating it. Begin by asking questions about the general problem, such as diarrhea, and then ask questions to help you learn more.
Chapter 15: Belly Pain, Diarrhea, and Worms
Pain in the Belly or Gut |
Other Problems with the Bowels |
Itching or Painful Anus |
Most Belly Problems Can Be Avoided |
Medicines Print/download this chapter (PDF)
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) serves as the national focus for developing and applying
disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of
the United States. CDC is recognized as the lead federal agency for protecting the health and safety of people - at home and abroad, providing
credible information to enhance health decisions, and promoting health through strong partnerships.
- CDC Safe Water System - A water quality intervention that employs simple, inexpensive and robust technologies appropriate for the developing world. The objective is to make water safe through disinfection and safe storage at the point of use.
- Safe Water System Manual
- CDC Yellow Book - CDC Health Information for International Travel 1999-2000 PDF Format* (1.6 MB) up-to-date and comprehensive information on immunization requirements and recommendations for international travelers - 235 pages pdf format
- CDC: Chronic Diarrhea Fact Sheet - Causes, Diagnosis, Risks, Treatment and Prevention - links also to Brainerd Diarrhea, Diarrheal Diseases in the Child Care Setting and CDC Yellow Book 1999-2000
- CDC: Diarrhea Prevention in Bolivia Through Point-of-Use Disinfection and Safe Storage - A novel water quality intervention that consists of water disinfection, safe storage and community education.
- CDC: Food and Water Precautions and Travelers' Diarrhea Prevention - Contaminated food and drink are the major sources of stomach or intestinal illness while traveling.
- CDC: Making Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) Safer In A Cholera Epidemic - A CDC evaluation using special vessels for disinfecting tap water with bleach and for preparing, storing, and dispensing ORS.
- First do no harm: making oral rehydration solution (ORS) safer in a cholera epidemic
- Evaluation of a novel water treatment and storage intenvention in Nicaragua
- Safe water treatment and storage in the home: A practical new strategy to prevent waterborne disease
- Narrow-mouthed water storage vessels and in situ chlorination in a Bolivian community: a simple method to improve drinking water quality
- Diarrhea prevention in Bolivia through point-of-use disinfection and safe storage: a promising new strategy
- Low cost safe water for the world: a practical interim solution
- Chlorinating well water with liquid bleach was not an effective water disinfection strategy in Guinea-Bissau
- Water distribution system and diarrheal disease transmission: a case study in Uzbekistan
- Reduction of fecal contamination of street-vended beverages in Guatemala by a simple system for water purification and storage, handwashing, and beverage storage
- Epidemic Cholera in the New World: Translating Field Epidemiology into New Prevention Strategies
- Motivational interviewing enhances the adoption of water disinfection practices in Zambia
Bacterial foodborne diseases and pathogens
Water, Sanitation and Health
WHO works on aspects of water, sanitation and hygiene where the health burden is high, where interventions could make a major difference and
where the present state of knowledge is poor:
Water resource quality
Water supply and sanitation monitoring
Water, sanitation and hygiene development
Health in water resources development
Emerging issues in water and infectious disease
WHO | Water, Sanitation and Hygiene links to Health: Facts and Figures
updated November 2004 29 kb
- 1.8 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases (including cholera); 90% are children under 5, mostly in developing countries.
- 88% of diarrhoeal disease is attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene.
- Improved water supply reduces diarrhoea morbidity by between 6% to 25%, if severe outcomes are included.
- Improved sanitation reduces diarrhoea morbidity by 32%.
- Hygiene interventions including hygiene education and promotion of hand washing can lead to a reduction of diarrhoeal cases by up to 45%.
- Improvements in drinking-water quality through household water treatment, such as chlorination at point of use, can lead to a reduction of diarrhoea episodes by between 35% and 39%.
more Health Topics: Diarrhoea
Fact Sheets, links to descriptions of activities, reports, news and
events and< links to related web sites and topics. Water-related diseases
Diarrhoea occurs world-wide and causes 4% of all deaths and 5% of health loss to disability. Household water
The International Network to Promote Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Drinking Water Quality
Contaminated drinking water contributes to disease in developing and developed countries worldwide. The International Network to Promote Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage
Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) interventions can lead to dramatic improvements in drinking water quality and reductions in diarrhoeal disease WHO Child Health Water and sanitation related diseases fact sheets
International Travel and Health is a WHO publication that offers guidance on the full range
of health risks likely to be encountered at specific destinations and associated with different types of travel – from business,
humanitarian and leisure travel to backpacking and adventure tours. The guidance is intended to help the medical profession to be fully
aware of potential risks and to provide appropriate advice, whether this concerns recommended vaccinations, protection against insects and
other disease vectors, or safety in different environmental settings.
Selected WHO online publications and documents relating to the Control and Management of Diarrhoeal Diseases and Cholera. These links represents a convenient list of some online WHO publications and documents relating to the Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases including
Cholera. It is not a complete list. These can be viewed in electronic format online, or downloaded for offline viewing. For a
complete and current list, kindly select one of the WHO links above.
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh The ICDDR,B, has earned the reputation as the leading international health research centre located in a developing country. It is the birthplace of
research that now forms the core of the world's knowledge of diarrhoeal diseases, and led to the development of Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS).
Explore Sustainable Development
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Source International Information Support Centre
Source is a collaborative venture of three organisations: Healthlink
Worldwide;="http://cich.ich.ucl.ac.uk/"> the Centre for International Child
Health, which is a department of an academic institution; and Handicap International a disability and development NGO. Source is also supported by Teaching-aids At Low Cost. Source has a unique collection of over 20,000 health and disability information resources. These include published and unpublished materials, many of which are from developing countries and are not readily available elsewhere in the UK. The collection is open to visitors and a bibliographic database of materials held in the collection can be searched online at
http://www.asksource.info/databases.html or via a CD-ROM available from the
National Inquiry Services Centre in South Africa.
works to improve the health and quality of life of poor people by encouraging the exchange of relevant knowledge, information and experience. Exchange promotes learning and encourages sharing of information about effective health communication, undertakes advocacy to engender a more
favourable climate in which health communication activities can flourish, and maintains a brokerage role to help match health communication needs to available resources. The Exchange programme is hosted by Healthlink Worldwide and supported by the UK Department for International Development (DFID).
The People's Health Movement (PHM) is a growing coalition of grassroots
organisations dedicated to changing the prevailing health care delivery system. This system is considered to be failing to serve the deteriorating
health of most of the poor worldwide. The goal of the People’s Health Movement is to re-establish health and equitable development as top priorities in local, national and international
policy-making, with primary health care being the strategy to achieve these priorities. The Movement aims to draw on and support people’s movements in their struggles to build long-term and sustainable solutions to health problems.
is a compilation of resolutions, declarations and charters on health made at international meetings and also related UN instruments,
such as international covenants, treaties, programmes and platforms of action which support these declarations and which are ratified by various
governments. The declarations and UN instruments are in the areas of medical ethics, health rights, public health, health and social development,
nutrition, children's health and women's health. It also showcases two organisations' advocacy work as an inspiring example of implementing a UN
instrument and in realizing an international declaration. This publication is a source of useful information and an important action tool for advocacy to promote people's health.
Dr. R. K.
Anand's Guide to Child Care is for pregnant mothers and parents of infants, young children, and teenagers. A definitive guide to the
parent on pregnancy and childrearing from infancy to the teenage years. Authored by one of India's foremost paediatricians and an internationally
renowned authority on breastfeeding.
Centre Manual - Practical information on all aspects of setting up and managing a resource centre, from planning, fundraising and finding a suitable location, to collecting and organising materials, developing information services, managing databases and websites, and monitoring and evaluating the work of the resource centre.
- Aimed at health workers, educators and community workers, these resources provide practical information on a wide range of care, support and
prevention issues concerning HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
The World Alliance for
Breastfeeding Action (WABA)
Protects, Promotes and Supports Breastfeeding Worldwide
The World Alliance for
Breastfeeding Action (WABA) is a global network of individuals and organisations concerned with the protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding based on the Innocenti Declaration, the Ten Links for Nurturing the Future and the WHO/UNICEF Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding. Its core partners are International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN), La Leche League International
(LLLI), International Lactation Consultant Association (ILCA), Wellstart International, Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) and LINKAGES. WABA is in consultative status with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and an NGO in Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
i-Quench.org/eDevelopment is a recent web portal dedicated to
exploring new and emerging ICTs for development in India in the areas of health, education, poverty alleviation, agriculture,
micro-finance, e-governance, trade of goods and services, market-based information dissemination - all leading to ICTs-supported holistic community development.
| OneWorld is a community of over 1500 organisations working for social justice.
The World Bank Group site invites your exploration! You will find a wide array of rich and timely resources including financial and economic data, regional,
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Values education for children and young adults
Living Values: An Educational Program is a comprehensive values education program. This innovative global character education
program offers a wide variety of experiential values activities and practical methodologies to teachers, facilitators, parents and
caregivers that enable children and young adults to explore and develop twelve universal values. The purpose of Living Values is to provide guiding principles and tools for the development of the whole person, recognizing that the
individual is comprised of physical, intellectual, emotional, and spiritual dimensions.
is an enhanced version of the NIH PubMed search that combines MedLine/PubMed data with data from other sources to make the most comprehensive
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A Searchable Database of Internet Resources in Population, Health and Development Netlinks is a database of over 1,000 Internet resources (compiled and maintained by the
Media/Materials Clearinghouse) useful to people working in health, population, and international development. Because these are interdisciplinary fields that include public
health, health education, demography, environment, communication, public policy and others, links are made to a wide variety of organizations and government agencies. Each
entry includes, in addition to a link to the resource, a brief description, a link to the E-mail address, the street address, phone number, and fax number when available.
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For more information="mailto:[email protected]" target="_self">[email protected] SATELLIFE'S Free Health Information Services
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To subscribe to any of these newsletters please write to [email protected] HealthNet News features current, peer-reviewed, practical, clinical and public health information from medical journals such as The Lancet, BMJ, etc. HealthNet News-AIDS features current, medical information specifically on HIV/AIDS in Africa taken from peer-reviewed medical journals. Child Health Dialogue concentrates on issues of primary child health and disease prevention. AIDS Action provides practical information on issues of AIDS prevention and care. Health Action emphasizes the implementation of primary health care programs world-wide. CBR News provides practical solutions for disabled individuals to work within their community.
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Free access to journals of BMJ Group
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The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council is a leading international organisation that
enhances collaboration in the water supply and sanitation sector, specifically in order to attain universal coverage of water and sanitation
services for poor people around the world. WSSCC is really a cross between a professional association and an international NGO. It operates with
a mandate from the United National General Assembly. The mission of the Council is “to accelerate the achievement of sustainable water, sanitation and waste management services to all people,
with special attention to the unserved poor, by enhancing collaboration among developing countries and external support agencies and through
concerted action programmes”.
Child Health Foundation's mission is "to save the greatest number
of children's lives at the lowest possible cost." They accomplish this through their unique network of health professionals and organizations committed to improving health
policies and practices. They operate as an independent agent of change, seeking and promoting more effective, easily-delivered and less-expensive methods to prevent illness
and death of children. They focus on prevention and treatment of dehydration from diarrheal diseases, which debilitate and kill millions of infants and children worldwide every year.
A catalyst for global health
PATH improves the health of people
around the world by advancing technologies, strengthening systems, and encouraging healthy behavior.
The mission of the Rotavirus Vaccine Program
is to reduce child morbidity and mortality from diarrhoeal disease by accelerating the availability of rotavirus
vaccines appropriate for use in developing countries.
University of Zambia - Medical Library The Guide to Medical Resources is designed to locate useful medical information quickly and efficiently. The Guide has brief annotations and links to selected
www health sites, electronic journals and directories as well as Internet search engines. The primary objective of this web site is to assist users from developing countries in
accessing relevant medical information from the Internet.
is a cooperate initiative by AIFS, CIDEF, Children's Rights Centre, Childwatch, Consultative Group, CRIN, Family Life Development Centre, IIN, NOSEB,
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is a strategic organization and global movement committed to the sustainable end of world hunger. In Africa, Asia and Latin America, they empower local people to create lasting society-wide progress in health,
education, nutrition and family incomes. They apply a two-prong strategy: mobilizing grassroots self-reliant action, and mobilizing
local leadership to clear away obstacles to enable grassroots action to succeed. Their highest priority is the empowerment of women. Women bear primary responsibility for family health, education and nutrition – yet, by
tradition, culture and law they are denied the means, information and freedom of action to fulfill their responsibility. The Hunger Project
is committed to transforming this condition. You can play a vital role in this global effort. To learn more, please visit The Hunger Project web site.
Child Rights Information Network
CRIN is a global network of children's rights organisations striving to improve the lives of children by - :
exchanging information about children's rights; promoting the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child; developing networking tools and capacity building.
Centre for Europe's Children Documentation Centre on child rights; exchanging information about children's rights; promoting the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child;
promoting research into rights of children; library of rights information.
Free - direct links to online journals offering full text articles The Free Medical Journals Site is dedicated to the promotion of free access to medical journals over the Internet. Within
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- Diarrhea: AIDS Related Conditions - Includes numerous articles and resources on AIDS-related diarrhea conditions, from The Body. Other infections and complications.
- Diarrhea Prevention and Treatment - Prevention.com information on causes, treating and avoiding diarrhea, plus links to related resources.
- Diarrhoea and Vomiting - Information and advice about diarrhoea and vomiting.
- Educational materials for medical and life sciences students, their teachers and other health care professionals.
- Effects of the El Nino on Diarrheal Diseases - A PowerPoint slide show on the effects of the El Nino phenomenon and ambient temperature on hospital admissions for diarrheal disease.
- Epidemiology and Management of Diarrheal Diseases - A course for medical and health related students.
- Division of Nutrition Research Coordination (DNRC) of the National Institutes of Health - Many medicines taken by mouth may affect the digestive system. These medicines include prescription and nonprescription or over-the-counter products.
- Identify the Parasite Responsible for Diarrheal Illness - Which drug to use for treatment, if any, depends on the parasite causing the diarrhea.
- Natural Healthlink - Information on homeopathic remedies that may be helpful for diarrhea.
- ORS: The Medical Advance of the Century - UNICEF and the use of oral rehydration salts (ORS) -- the best way of combating the dehydration caused by diarrhoea.
- Self-Care on Childhood Diarrhea - Watch out for dehydration, questions to ask and tips.
- Treatment Methods - Integrative Medicine and Diarrhea - including herbal medicine, acupuncture, homeopathy and nutritional influences.
- When to Call the Doctor About Childhood Diarrhoea - Including conventional treatment, dietary guidelines, nutritional supplements, general recommendations and prevention.
updated: 23 August, 2019