Resources: Instructive Approaches to Health and Education
Poverty, Health, & Environment
Cochrane Evidence Aid, Risk Management, Disaster Prevention, Preparedness
and Management Communication and Media Resource Materials
On-line Diarrheal Disease Course - Global Health eLearning Center - USAID
Time: Approximately 1 hour, 30 minutes
Objectives: By the end of this course you will be able to:
Describe the magnitude of diarrheal diseases among children under the age of five in developing countries
Explain the main principles of diarrhea case management in young children
Discuss what can be done to prevent diarrhea in young children in developing countries and obstacles that must be overcome to do so
|Google Scholar "Stand on the shoulder of giants" - a free literature search database with links to full text. It apparently indexes all of PubMed, PubMed Central, most journals in the Directory of Open Access Journals, and much, much more. Google Scholar also provides citation tracking - each article has a link to all articles that cite it. They also promote libraries strongly in the FAQ.|
Water, Sanitation and Health
WHO works on aspects of water, sanitation and hygiene where the health burden is high, where interventions could make a major difference and where the present state of knowledge is poor:
WHO Water, sanitation and hygiene links to health: facts and figures updated March 2004 29 kb
Health Topics: Diarrhoea
|CDC - Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention
First Do No Harm: Making Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) Safer In A Cholera Epidemic
Oral rehydration solution (ORS) is lifesaving therapy for cholera and pediatric diarrhea. During a cholera epidemic in Guinea-Bissau, we evaluated the microbiologic quality of ORS prepared at a hospital and tested a simple intervention using special vessels for disinfecting tap water with bleach and for preparing, storing, and dispensing ORS.
Few coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli were recovered from tap water; however, pre-intervention ORS contained numerous bacteria including E. coli and toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1. In contrast, ORS samples from intervention vessels had few or no coliform bacteria, no E. coli, and no V. cholerae. Mean pre-intervention counts of coliform bacteria (3.4 × 107 colony-forming units [cfu]/100 ml) and E. coli (6.2 × 103 cfu) decreased significantly during the intervention period to 3.6 × 102 cfu and 0 cfu, respectively (P < 0.001).
This simple system using bleach disinfectant and special storage vessels prevents bacterial contamination of ORS and reduces the risk of nosocomial transmission of cholera and other enteric pathogens.
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene
Vol. 60, No. 6, pp. 1051–1055
The Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project maintains a collection of useful
resources on maternal nutrition, infant and young child feeding, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), and more. Our collection offers a
variety of high-quality training materials, publications, web links, and other helpful resources. After five years of maternal, infant, and young child
nutrition programming around the world, USAID's Infant & Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project completed activities in most countries in December 2011.
Water Supply and Sanitation Site
Water Resources Management
Water Supply & Sanitation
Water supply, sanitation and health are closely related. Poor hygiene, inadequate quantities and quality of drinking water, and lack of sanitation facilities cause millions of the world's poorest people to die from preventable diseases each year. Women and children are the main victims.
More than 50% of all child deaths are due to just five communicable diseases, which are preventable and can be treated: pneumonia, diarrhea, measles, malaria and HIV/AIDS. Malnutrition is an underlying factor that increases the risk of dying from these diseases. Children are particularly vulnerable during early life
Progress and barriers for the control of diarrhoeal disease
Prof Mathuram Santosham MD, Aruna Chandran MD, Sean Fitzwater MHS, Christa Fischer-Walker MD, Prof Abdullah H Baqui DrPH, Prof Robert Black MD
Discovery of intestinal sodium-glucose transport was the basis for development of oral rehydration solution, and was hailed as potentially the most important medical advance of the 20th century. Before widespread use of oral rehydration solution, treatment for diarrhoea was restricted to intravenous fluid replacement, for which patients had to go to a health-care facility to access appropriate equipment. These facilities were usually neither available nor reasonable to use in the resource-poor settings most affected by diarrhoea. Use of oral rehydration solution has stagnated, despite being effective, inexpensive, and widely available. Thus, diarrhoea continues to be a leading cause of child death with consistent mortality rates during the past 5 years. New methods for prevention, management, and treatment of diarrhoea—including an improved oral rehydration formulation, zinc supplementation, and rotavirus vaccines—make now the time to revitalise efforts to reduce diarrhoea mortality worldwide.
Zambian Basic Education Course, NUTRITION EDUCATION, Supplementary Material - Pupil’s Book Grade 2
Mukelabai Songiso, Simon Hikaula, Janet L. Shamapango, Tomy B. Zulu 2005 86 pg ISBN: 9982540017 AF847/E
Download 451 Kb
Chapter 5 DIARRHOEA
Lesson 1. Sick with diarrhoea
Lesson 2. What to do when you have diarrhoea
Lesson 3. Why do we get diarrhoea?
Lesson 4. How to avoid diarrhoea
Lesson 5. Diarrhoea in the family
a project of Teaching-aids At Low Cost (TALC),
which provides an up-to-date, authoritative source of electronic health
information for health workers in developing countries who have access to
computers but limited access to the internet.
Interactive Tutorial, Image Collection and Glossary CD-ROM
The Diarrhoeal Diseases CD-ROM, one of 8 in the 'Topics in International Health' series created by The Wellcome Trust, provides an illustrated introduction to this important group of diseases, their causes, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control. Three complementary resources are contained on this unique CD-ROM: a selection of interactive tutorials, an image collection, and a glossary.
11 interactive tutorials highly visual, structured learning tools
The tutorials include objectives, self assessment tests, a list of key references to encourage further reading, and summary screens to reinforce the crucial points.
Over 700 images a searchable database of high quality images
Each image is accompanied by a detailed description, searchable keywords, and disease and aetiological agent classifications. Sets of images can be created, saved and printed. The image collection is a valuable reference source which can be used to provide examples for practical exercises and illustrations for lectures. It may be used on its own or to enhance the teaching value of the tutorials.
Glossary an electronic glossary of medical and scientific terms
The glossary defines the medical and scientific terms used in the tutorials and image descriptions. It has an easy to use interface, and will help users who are unfamiliar with medical terminology or whose first language is not English.
18 Subject experts have developed and reviewed this CD-ROM to ensure that it is comprehensive, accurate, and up to date.
'Topics in International Health' is an excellent, exciting and unique series of educational materials for medical and life sciences students, their teachers and other healthcare professionals.
Aspects of international and tropical health are presented on a range of CD-ROMs, each focusing on a disease (or group of diseases) of global significance.
eMedicine Specialties > Pediatrics > Gastroenterology > Diarrhea
Instructions: You may earn continuing education credits by choosing any of the following:
New to eMedicine? Register now for FREE access to our membership services. Registration takes about 2 minutes and entitles you to receive the following:
Unlimited online access to the world’s most comprehensive clinical knowledge base
Full search capabilities for articles and multimedia
Choice of informative newsletters and Case Study emails
FREE interactive CME/CE
|How to Set Up and Manage a Resource Centre
This manual is designed for health and disability workers planning to set up and develop a resource centre within resource-poor communities around the world, and is aimed toward people operating on a limited budget. Healthlink Worldwide uses this manual to support its workshops for organisations setting up resource centres in developing countries. - Publisher: Healthlink Worldwide
|Public Health Information and Data: A Training
Public Health Information and Data: A Training Manual supports instruction provided to members of the public health workforce on issues related to information access and management. This manual is intended primarily for librarians and others who may be responsible for developing training events. There are no copyright restrictions on the manual's contents, and instructors are free to adapt or duplicate any portion.
The manual's chapters include:
* Staying Informed About News in Public Health
* Finding Information for Others: Health Education Resources
* Finding Public Health Statistics and Data Sources
* Supporting Decisions with Best Evidence
Download the manual as pdf 3.5 mb
Original document is here
|Dr. R. K. Anand's
Guide to Child Care
For pregnant mothers and parents of infants, young children, and teenagers. A definitive guide to the parent on pregnancy and childrearing from infancy to the teenage years. Authored by one of India's foremost paediatricians and an internationally renowned authority on breastfeeding.
Epidemiology and Management of Diarrheal Diseases
for medical and health related students
To identify the common agents causing diarrhea
To identify the population-at-risk of diarrhea
To understand the clinical features and laboratory methods for the diagnosis of diarrhea
To know the management of diarrhea
To know the vaccines and other preventive measures for diarrhea
Diagnose the common causes of diarrhea
Assess and treat dehydration
Select antimicrobial agents appropriately for different types of diarrhea
Apply preventive strategies for the control of diarrhea
This online course (set of lectures) is designed to provide an overview on epidemiology and the Internet for medical and health related students around the world.
Example topics included are: nutrition and global health, malaria, cancer epidemiology, injury epidemiology, HIV/AIDS, pharmacoepidemiology, influenza, diabetes, diarrheal diseases, toxoplasma, and much more.
Click here for a list of all the lectures.
International Health and Disability database
Subject and geographic search
The Source collection is fully referenced on the Source bibliographic database, which can easily be searched. The database complements commercial databases by including a high proportion of materials that are not recorded on other databases. Details of resources include subjects, keywords, price, publisher and distributor.
Health and Healing is for first contact or primary health care
workers. It is about both health and healing at the primary level.
It offers a broad and comprehensive range of health topics from
personal health to national health programmes, from system-wise
illnesses to health problems of at-risk groups like women,
children and old persons.
By Dr. Shyam Ashtekar
|Quest is a framework to guide the process of planning, researching, developing, disseminating and evaluating communication and information resources. It has been developed in recognition of the need for practical and comprehensive guidelines on how to produce effective resources. Quest aims to enhance the quality and impact of resources produced, and to develop related organisational capacity. Relevant to a wide audience, it is adaptable for use in different contexts.|
|Free - direct links to online journals offering full text articles
The Free Medical Journals Site is dedicated to the promotion of free access to medical journals over the Internet. Within the next three years, the most important medical journals will be available online, free and in full-text. The access to free scientific knowledge will have a major impact on medical practice and attract Internet visitors to these journals.
|Johns Hopkins Health Information
You can get the full story on today's health news and much more on the InteliHealth Web page http://www.intelihealth.com
InteliHealth, a joint venture between Aetna U.S. Healthcare and Johns Hopkins University and Health System, was established in 1996 to offer one of the most comprehensive and timely collections of health information from leading industry sources. Committed to providing the highest quality and most up-to-date health information, InteliHealth delivers content through both its in-house editorial staff and via licensing agreements with major broadcast, print and interactive media. To provide the highest standards of quality, the information on the InteliHealth site is reviewed and approved by Johns Hopkins, the nation's best hospital for eight consecutive years according to U.S. News and World Report.
Rehydration Project is a member of WaterWeb ring, created in 1998 to promote the sharing of information concerning water and the earth’s environment. By connecting water-related web sites through the ring, the WaterWeb consortium seeks to create a global community, bringing together educational, governmental, nonprofit and commercial entities interested in water research, conservation and management.
Making ORT a household habit
The Progress of Nations 1997
Water and Sanitation - Progress and Disparity
In China, 85% of diarrhoeal episodes are treated with ORT.
About three quarters of the households in developing countries now use ORT as defined before 1993, up from 38% in 1994. But only about one third of homes now use ORT following the new definition, a more effective treatment for diarrhoeal dehydration.
|Loteria Nacional de Costa Rica
Ministerio de Salud, Costa Rica
Usted Puede Evitar el Colera:
1. Lavese bien las manos con jabon antes de comer y despues de usar el servicio sanitario
2. Lave bien los alimentos que ingiere, especialmente los que se comen crudos.
3. Tome siempre agua potable. Clore o hierva el algua de la que duda de su potabilidad.
4. Evite ingerir alimentos en la calle.
updated: 02 August, 2013